May 13, 2024
6 mins read

Factors behind Gold price surges

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Key Takeaways:

  • Gold reached an all-time high of 2431.31 an ounce in April 2024, supported by a combination of factors 
  • A combination of economic, geopolitical, and market factors have all come together to drive the surge in gold prices recently 
  • Ultimately, the decision to buy Gold should be part of a diversified investment portfolio rather than a sole focus

In 2024, the price of Gold has witnessed a remarkable surge, increasing over 18% since the beginning of the year and soaring by more than 8.5% in April alone, reaching a new all-time high of 2431.31 an ounce. This meteoric rise has left investors wondering about the driving factors behind this impressive rally and whether now is the right time to invest in Gold. Overall, economic, geopolitical, and market factors have all come together to drive the surge in gold prices in recent years. In this article, we will delve deeper into the factors behind the recent rise in gold prices and explore whether investors should consider adding Gold to their portfolios amidst these market dynamics.

Factor 1: Geopolitical Tensions


Geopolitical tensions have historically been a significant driver of gold prices. When global political uncertainties arise, investors often flock to Gold as a safe haven asset, seeking refuge from market volatility and potential economic instability. Geopolitical events such as conflicts, trade disputes, or political instability in key regions can amplify investor concerns, increasing Gold's demand and driving its price.

This happened in early 2022  when the Russia-Ukraine conflict helped Gold rise by around 5%. Moreover, this was also evidenced by the Israel and Hamas conflict in mid-2023, which caused Gold to surge by around 8.7% to 1,995.00 an ounce just 20 days after the start of the conflict. Similarly, the price of Gold jumped by 3.71% on April 12, 2024, to reach a new all-time high of 2431.31 an ounce after Iran conducted drone and missile attacks on Israel in what was a retaliation to an Israeli strike on its consulate in Damascus.


Factor 2: Demand for Safe-Haven Assets

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Safe haven assets, including Gold, are considered reliable investments during economic uncertainty or market volatility. Throughout history, Gold has been seen as a store of value and a safe haven during times of crisis. With the recent global economic uncertainties caused by events such as the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical tensions, investors are turning to Gold as a safe investment option. This increased demand for Gold as a safe haven asset has led to a surge in its price as investors seek to protect their wealth and hedge against market risks. As long as the demand for safe haven assets remains strong, we can expect the price of Gold to continue to rise shortly.


Factor 3: Central Bank Buying

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Central banks play a crucial role in influencing the demand and supply of Gold globally. When central banks buy Gold, it signals confidence in the precious metal as a store of value, leading to increased investor interest and higher prices. In recent years, central banks from emerging economies such as China and Russia have accumulated gold reserves to hedge against economic uncertainties and currency fluctuations. This trend has contributed to the upward trajectory of gold prices. Additionally, central bank buying reinforces the perception of Gold as a safe haven asset, attracting more investors seeking a reliable store of value in times of economic volatility. Overall, central bank buying is a key factor driving the surge in gold prices and underlines the metal's enduring appeal as a financial asset.


Factor 4: Value of the U.S. Dollar

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The value of the U.S. dollar often has an inverse relationship with the price of Gold. Since Gold is priced in U.S. dollars, a weaker dollar typically makes Gold more attractive to investors outside the United States, as it becomes cheaper in their currencies. Conversely, a stronger dollar can make Gold relatively more expensive for international investors, potentially dampening demand. Therefore, movements in the U.S. dollar's value can significantly impact the price of Gold, with a weaker dollar generally leading to higher gold prices and vice versa.


Factor 5: Interest Rates

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Interest rates are crucial in influencing the price of Gold in the market. Gold becomes a more attractive investment option as interest rates decrease, as it does not yield interest like bonds or savings accounts. The recent surge in gold prices can be attributed to the expectations that the Federal Reserve will cut interest rates multiple times in 2024. With lower interest rates on the horizon, investors are turning to Gold as a safe-haven asset to protect their wealth from potential inflation and economic uncertainty. This anticipation of a more dovish monetary policy has contributed to the rising price of Gold, making it an appealing option for investors looking for stability in a volatile market. Keep an eye on how future Fed decisions impact the price of Gold in the coming months.


Should Investors Buy Gold Now?  

Investors often see Gold as a safe haven asset during economic uncertainty. With recent market volatility and geopolitical tensions, the shiny metal has regained its appeal as a hedge against inflation and a store of value. However, it's essential to approach the decision to buy Gold with caution and a clear understanding of the market dynamics. While some experts believe that gold prices will continue to rise shortly, others caution that the current high prices are not sustainable in the long run. Considering the various factors, investors should carefully weigh the pros and cons of investing in Gold and make an informed decision based on their financial goals and risk tolerance. Ultimately, the decision to buy Gold should be part of a diversified investment portfolio rather than a sole focus.



The factors behind the recent surges in gold prices are complex and multi-faceted, including geopolitical tensions, demand for safe-haven assets, central bank buying, the value of the U.S. dollar, and interest rates. While Gold has traditionally been seen as a safe-haven asset during times of instability, it is essential for investors to carefully consider their own financial goals and risk tolerance before deciding whether or not to buy Gold now. As with any investment, it is crucial to conduct thorough research and seek guidance from financial experts to make informed decisions that align with one's overall investment strategy.

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